Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: wcslib version File versions  Download package

wcs.h

/*============================================================================

  WCSLIB 4.8 - an implementation of the FITS WCS standard.
  Copyright (C) 1995-2011, Mark Calabretta

  This file is part of WCSLIB.

  WCSLIB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
  terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free
  Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option)
  any later version.

  WCSLIB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
  WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
  FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public License for
  more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
  along with WCSLIB.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

  Correspondence concerning WCSLIB may be directed to:
    Internet email: mcalabre@atnf.csiro.au
    Postal address: Dr. Mark Calabretta
                    Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO
                    PO Box 76
                    Epping NSW 1710
                    AUSTRALIA

  Author: Mark Calabretta, Australia Telescope National Facility
  http://www.atnf.csiro.au/~mcalabre/index.html
  $Id: wcs.h,v 4.8.1.1 2011/08/15 08:07:06 cal103 Exp cal103 $
*=============================================================================
*
* WCSLIB 4.8 - C routines that implement the FITS World Coordinate System
* (WCS) standard.  Refer to
*
*   "Representations of world coordinates in FITS",
*   Greisen, E.W., & Calabretta, M.R. 2002, A&A, 395, 1061 (Paper I)
*
*   "Representations of celestial coordinates in FITS",
*   Calabretta, M.R., & Greisen, E.W. 2002, A&A, 395, 1077 (Paper II)
*
*   "Representations of spectral coordinates in FITS",
*   Greisen, E.W., Calabretta, M.R., Valdes, F.G., & Allen, S.L.
*   2006, A&A, 446, 747 (Paper III)
*
* Refer to the README file provided with WCSLIB for an overview of the
* library.
*
*
* Summary of the wcs routines
* ---------------------------
* These routines implement the FITS World Coordinate System (WCS) standard
* which defines methods to be used for computing world coordinates from image
* pixel coordinates, and vice versa.  They are based on the wcsprm struct
* which contains all information needed for the computations.  The struct
* contains some members that must be set by the user, and others that are
* maintained by these routines, somewhat like a C++ class but with no
* encapsulation.
*
* Three routines, wcsini(), wcssub(), and wcsfree() are provided to manage the
* wcsprm struct and another, wcsprt(), to prints its contents.  Refer to the
* description of the wcsprm struct for an explanation of the anticipated usage
* of these routines.  wcscopy(), which does a deep copy of one wcsprm struct
* to another, is defined as a preprocessor macro function that invokes
* wcssub().
*
* wcsperr() prints the error message(s) (if any) stored in a wcsprm struct,
* and the linprm, celprm, prjprm, spcprm, and tabprm structs that it contains.
*
* A setup routine, wcsset(), computes intermediate values in the wcsprm struct
* from parameters in it that were supplied by the user.  The struct always
* needs to be set up by wcsset() but this need not be called explicitly -
* refer to the explanation of wcsprm::flag.
*
* wcsp2s() and wcss2p() implement the WCS world coordinate transformations.
* In fact, they are high level driver routines for the WCS linear,
* logarithmic, celestial, spectral and tabular transformation routines
* described in lin.h, log.h, cel.h, spc.h and tab.h.
*
* Given either the celestial longitude or latitude plus an element of the
* pixel coordinate a hybrid routine, wcsmix(), iteratively solves for the
* unknown elements.
*
* wcssptr() translates the spectral axis in a wcsprm struct.  For example, a
* 'FREQ' axis may be translated into 'ZOPT-F2W' and vice versa.
*
* Quadcube projections:
* ---------------------
*   The quadcube projections (TSC, CSC, QSC) may be represented in FITS in
*   either of two ways:
*
*     a: The six faces may be laid out in one plane and numbered as follows:
*
=                                 0
=
=                        4  3  2  1  4  3  2
=
=                                 5
*
*        Faces 2, 3 and 4 may appear on one side or the other (or both).  The
*        world-to-pixel routines map faces 2, 3 and 4 to the left but the
*        pixel-to-world routines accept them on either side.
*
*     b: The "COBE" convention in which the six faces are stored in a
*        three-dimensional structure using a CUBEFACE axis indexed from
*        0 to 5 as above.
*
*   These routines support both methods; wcsset() determines which is being
*   used by the presence or absence of a CUBEFACE axis in ctype[].  wcsp2s()
*   and wcss2p() translate the CUBEFACE axis representation to the single
*   plane representation understood by the lower-level WCSLIB projection
*   routines.
*
*
* wcsini() - Default constructor for the wcsprm struct
* ----------------------------------------------------
* wcsini() optionally allocates memory for arrays in a wcsprm struct and sets
* all members of the struct to default values.  Memory is allocated for up to
* NPVMAX PVi_ma keywords or NPSMAX PSi_ma keywords per WCS representation.
* These may be changed via wcsnpv() and wcsnps() before wcsini() is called.
*
* PLEASE NOTE: every wcsprm struct should be initialized by wcsini(), possibly
* repeatedly.  On the first invokation, and only the first invokation,
* wcsprm::flag must be set to -1 to initialize memory management, regardless
* of whether wcsini() will actually be used to allocate memory.
*
* Given:
*   alloc     int       If true, allocate memory unconditionally for the
*                       crpix, etc. arrays.
*
*                       If false, it is assumed that pointers to these arrays
*                       have been set by the user except if they are null
*                       pointers in which case memory will be allocated for
*                       them regardless.  (In other words, setting alloc true
*                       saves having to initalize these pointers to zero.)
*
*   naxis     int       The number of world coordinate axes.  This is used to
*                       determine the length of the various wcsprm vectors and
*                       matrices and therefore the amount of memory to
*                       allocate for them.
*
* Given and returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
*                       Note that, in order to initialize memory management,
*                       wcsprm::flag should be set to -1 when wcs is
*                       initialized for the first time (memory leaks may
*                       result if it had already been initialized).
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
*
* wcsnpv() - Memory allocation for PVi_ma
* ---------------------------------------
* wcsnpv() changes the value of NPVMAX (default 64).  This global variable
* controls the number of PVi_ma keywords that wcsini() should allocate space
* for.
*
* PLEASE NOTE: This function is not thread-safe.
*
* Given:
*   n         int       Value of NPVMAX; ignored if < 0.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Current value of NPVMAX.
*
*
* wcsnps() - Memory allocation for PSi_ma
* ---------------------------------------
* wcsnps() changes the values of NPSMAX (default 8).  This global variable
* controls the number of PSi_ma keywords that wcsini() should allocate space
* for.
*
* PLEASE NOTE: This function is not thread-safe.
*
* Given:
*   n         int       Value of NPSMAX; ignored if < 0.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Current value of NPSMAX.
*
*
* wcssub() - Subimage extraction routine for the wcsprm struct
* ------------------------------------------------------------
* wcssub() extracts the coordinate description for a subimage from a wcsprm
* struct.  It does a deep copy, using wcsini() to allocate memory for its
* arrays if required.  Only the "information to be provided" part of the
* struct is extracted; a call to wcsset() is required to set up the remainder.
*
* The world coordinate system of the subimage must be separable in the sense
* that the world coordinates at any point in the subimage must depend only on
* the pixel coordinates of the axes extracted.  In practice, this means that
* the PCi_ja matrix of the original image must not contain non-zero
* off-diagonal terms that associate any of the subimage axes with any of the
* non-subimage axes.
*
* Note that while the required elements of the tabprm array are extracted, the
* wtbarr array is not.  (Thus it is not appropriate to call wcssub() after
* wcstab() but before filling the tabprm structs - refer to wcshdr.h.)
*
* Given:
*   alloc     int       If true, allocate memory for the crpix, etc. arrays in
*                       the destination.  Otherwise, it is assumed that
*                       pointers to these arrays have been set by the user
*                       except if they are null pointers in which case memory
*                       will be allocated for them regardless.
*
*   wcssrc    const struct wcsprm*
*                       Struct to extract from.
*
* Given and returned:
*   nsub      int*
*   axes      int[]     Vector of length *nsub containing the image axis
*                       numbers (1-relative) to extract.  Order is
*                       significant; axes[0] is the axis number of the input
*                       image that corresponds to the first axis in the
*                       subimage, etc.
*
*                       nsub (the pointer) may be set to zero, and so also may
*                       nsub, to indicate the number of axes in the input
*                       image; the number of axes will be returned if
*                       nsub != 0.  axes itself (the pointer) may be set to
*                       zero to indicate the first *nsub axes in their
*                       original order.
*
*                       Set both nsub and axes to zero to do a deep copy of
*                       one wcsprm struct to another.
*
*                       Subimage extraction by coordinate axis type may be
*                       done by setting the elements of axes[] to the
*                       following special preprocessor macro values:
*
*                         WCSSUB_LONGITUDE: Celestial longitude.
*                         WCSSUB_LATITUDE:  Celestial latitude.
*                         WCSSUB_CUBEFACE:  Quadcube CUBEFACE axis.
*                         WCSSUB_SPECTRAL:  Spectral axis.
*                         WCSSUB_STOKES:    Stokes axis.
*
*                       Refer to the notes (below) for further usage examples.
*
*                       On return, *nsub will contain the number of axes in
*                       the subimage; this may be zero if there were no axes
*                       of the required type(s) (in which case no memory will
*                       be allocated).  axes[] will contain the axis numbers
*                       that were extracted.  The vector length must be
*                       sufficient to contain all axis numbers.  No checks are
*                       performed to verify that the coordinate axes are
*                       consistent, this is done by wcsset().
*
*   wcsdst    struct wcsprm*
*                       Struct describing the subimage.  wcsprm::flag should
*                       be set to -1 if wcsdst was not previously initialized
*                       (memory leaks may result if it was previously
*                       initialized).
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*                        12: Invalid subimage specification.
*                        13: Non-separable subimage coordinate system.
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
* Notes:
*   Combinations of subimage axes of particular types may be extracted in the
*   same order as they occur in the input image by combining preprocessor
*   codes, for example
*
=     *nsub = 1;
=     axes[0] = WCSSUB_LONGITUDE | WCSSUB_LATITUDE | WCSSUB_SPECTRAL;
*
*   would extract the longitude, latitude, and spectral axes in the same order
*   as the input image.  If one of each were present, *nsub = 3 would be
*   returned.
*
*   For convenience, WCSSUB_CELESTIAL is defined as the combination
*   WCSSUB_LONGITUDE | WCSSUB_LATITUDE | WCSSUB_CUBEFACE.
*
*   The codes may also be negated to extract all but the types specified, for
*   example
*
=     *nsub = 4;
=     axes[0] = WCSSUB_LONGITUDE;
=     axes[1] = WCSSUB_LATITUDE;
=     axes[2] = WCSSUB_CUBEFACE;
=     axes[3] = -(WCSSUB_SPECTRAL | WCSSUB_STOKES);
*
*   The last of these specifies all axis types other than spectral or Stokes.
*   Extraction is done in the order specified by axes[] a longitude axis (if
*   present) would be extracted first (via axes[0]) and not subsequently (via
*   axes[3]).  Likewise for the latitude and cubeface axes in this example.
*
*   From the foregoing, it is apparent that the value of *nsub returned may be
*   less than or greater than that given.  However, it will never exceed the
*   number of axes in the input image.
*
*
* wcscopy() macro - Copy routine for the wcsprm struct
* ----------------------------------------------------
* wcscopy() does a deep copy of one wcsprm struct to another.  As of
* WCSLIB 3.6, it is implemented as a preprocessor macro that invokes
* wcssub() with the nsub and axes pointers both set to zero.
*
*
* wcsfree() - Destructor for the wcsprm struct
* --------------------------------------------
* wcsfree() frees memory allocated for the wcsprm arrays by wcsini() and/or
* wcsset().  wcsini() records the memory it allocates and wcsfree() will only
* attempt to free this.
*
* PLEASE NOTE: wcsfree() must not be invoked on a wcsprm struct that was not
* initialized by wcsini().
*
* Returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*
*
* wcsprt() - Print routine for the wcsprm struct
* ----------------------------------------------
* wcsprt() prints the contents of a wcsprm struct using wcsprintf().  Mainly
* intended for diagnostic purposes.
*
* Given:
*   wcs       const struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*
*
* wcsperr() - Print error messages from a wcsprm struct
* -----------------------------------------------------
* wcsperr() prints the error message(s), if any, stored in a wcsprm struct,
* and the linprm, celprm, prjprm, spcprm, and tabprm structs that it contains.
* If there are no errors then nothing is printed.  It uses wcserr_prt(), q.v.
*
* Given:
*   wcs       const struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
*   prefix    const char *
*                       If non-NULL, each output line will be prefixed with
*                       this string.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*
*
* wcsset() - Setup routine for the wcsprm struct
* ----------------------------------------------
* wcsset() sets up a wcsprm struct according to information supplied within
* it (refer to the description of the wcsprm struct).
*
* wcsset() recognizes the NCP projection and converts it to the equivalent SIN
* projection and likewise translates GLS into SFL.  It also translates the
* AIPS spectral types ('FREQ-LSR', 'FELO-HEL', etc.), possibly changing the
* input header keywords wcsprm::ctype and/or wcsprm::specsys if necessary.
*
* Note that this routine need not be called directly; it will be invoked by
* wcsp2s() and wcss2p() if the wcsprm::flag is anything other than a
* predefined magic value.
*
* Given and returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*                         3: Linear transformation matrix is singular.
*                         4: Inconsistent or unrecognized coordinate axis
*                            types.
*                         5: Invalid parameter value.
*                         6: Invalid coordinate transformation parameters.
*                         7: Ill-conditioned coordinate transformation
*                            parameters.
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
*
* wcsp2s() - Pixel-to-world transformation
* ----------------------------------------
* wcsp2s() transforms pixel coordinates to world coordinates.
*
* Given and returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
* Given:
*   ncoord,
*   nelem     int       The number of coordinates, each of vector length
*                       nelem but containing wcs.naxis coordinate elements.
*                       Thus nelem must equal or exceed the value of the
*                       NAXIS keyword unless ncoord == 1, in which case nelem
*                       is not used.
*
*   pixcrd    const double[ncoord][nelem]
*                       Array of pixel coordinates.
*
* Returned:
*   imgcrd    double[ncoord][nelem]
*                       Array of intermediate world coordinates.  For
*                       celestial axes, imgcrd[][wcs.lng] and
*                       imgcrd[][wcs.lat] are the projected x-, and
*                       y-coordinates in pseudo "degrees".  For spectral
*                       axes, imgcrd[][wcs.spec] is the intermediate spectral
*                       coordinate, in SI units.
*
*   phi,theta double[ncoord]
*                       Longitude and latitude in the native coordinate system
*                       of the projection [deg].
*
*   world     double[ncoord][nelem]
*                       Array of world coordinates.  For celestial axes,
*                       world[][wcs.lng] and world[][wcs.lat] are the
*                       celestial longitude and latitude [deg].  For
*                       spectral axes, imgcrd[][wcs.spec] is the intermediate
*                       spectral coordinate, in SI units.
*
*   stat      int[ncoord]
*                       Status return value for each coordinate:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1+: A bit mask indicating invalid pixel coordinate
*                            element(s).
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*                         3: Linear transformation matrix is singular.
*                         4: Inconsistent or unrecognized coordinate axis
*                            types.
*                         5: Invalid parameter value.
*                         6: Invalid coordinate transformation parameters.
*                         7: Ill-conditioned coordinate transformation
*                            parameters.
*                         8: One or more of the pixel coordinates were
*                            invalid, as indicated by the stat vector.
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
*
* wcss2p() - World-to-pixel transformation
* ----------------------------------------
* wcss2p() transforms world coordinates to pixel coordinates.
*
* Given and returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
* Given:
*   ncoord,
*   nelem     int       The number of coordinates, each of vector length nelem
*                       but containing wcs.naxis coordinate elements.  Thus
*                       nelem must equal or exceed the value of the NAXIS
*                       keyword unless ncoord == 1, in which case nelem is not
*                       used.
*
*   world     const double[ncoord][nelem]
*                       Array of world coordinates.  For celestial axes,
*                       world[][wcs.lng] and world[][wcs.lat] are the
*                       celestial longitude and latitude [deg]. For spectral
*                       axes, world[][wcs.spec] is the spectral coordinate, in
*                       SI units.
*
* Returned:
*   phi,theta double[ncoord]
*                       Longitude and latitude in the native coordinate
*                       system of the projection [deg].
*
*   imgcrd    double[ncoord][nelem]
*                       Array of intermediate world coordinates.  For
*                       celestial axes, imgcrd[][wcs.lng] and
*                       imgcrd[][wcs.lat] are the projected x-, and
*                       y-coordinates in pseudo "degrees".  For quadcube
*                       projections with a CUBEFACE axis the face number is
*                       also returned in imgcrd[][wcs.cubeface].  For
*                       spectral axes, imgcrd[][wcs.spec] is the intermediate
*                       spectral coordinate, in SI units.
*
*   pixcrd    double[ncoord][nelem]
*                       Array of pixel coordinates.
*
*   stat      int[ncoord]
*                       Status return value for each coordinate:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1+: A bit mask indicating invalid world coordinate
*                            element(s).
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*                         3: Linear transformation matrix is singular.
*                         4: Inconsistent or unrecognized coordinate axis
*                            types.
*                         5: Invalid parameter value.
*                         6: Invalid coordinate transformation parameters.
*                         7: Ill-conditioned coordinate transformation
*                            parameters.
*                         9: One or more of the world coordinates were
*                            invalid, as indicated by the stat vector.
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
*
* wcsmix() - Hybrid coordinate transformation
* -------------------------------------------
* wcsmix(), given either the celestial longitude or latitude plus an element
* of the pixel coordinate, solves for the remaining elements by iterating on
* the unknown celestial coordinate element using wcss2p().  Refer also to the
* notes below.
*
* Given and returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Indices for the celestial coordinates obtained
*                       by parsing the wcsprm::ctype[].
*
* Given:
*   mixpix    int       Which element of the pixel coordinate is given.
*
*   mixcel    int       Which element of the celestial coordinate is given:
*                         1: Celestial longitude is given in
*                            world[wcs.lng], latitude returned in
*                            world[wcs.lat].
*                         2: Celestial latitude is given in
*                            world[wcs.lat], longitude returned in
*                            world[wcs.lng].
*
*   vspan     const double[2]
*                       Solution interval for the celestial coordinate [deg].
*                       The ordering of the two limits is irrelevant.
*                       Longitude ranges may be specified with any convenient
*                       normalization, for example [-120,+120] is the same as
*                       [240,480], except that the solution will be returned
*                       with the same normalization, i.e. lie within the
*                       interval specified.
*
*   vstep     const double
*                       Step size for solution search [deg].  If zero, a
*                       sensible, although perhaps non-optimal default will be
*                       used.
*
*   viter     int       If a solution is not found then the step size will be
*                       halved and the search recommenced.  viter controls how
*                       many times the step size is halved.  The allowed range
*                       is 5 - 10.
*
* Given and returned:
*   world     double[naxis]
*                       World coordinate elements.  world[wcs.lng] and
*                       world[wcs.lat] are the celestial longitude and
*                       latitude [deg].  Which is given and which returned
*                       depends on the value of mixcel.  All other elements
*                       are given.
*
* Returned:
*   phi,theta double[naxis]
*                       Longitude and latitude in the native coordinate
*                       system of the projection [deg].
*
*   imgcrd    double[naxis]
*                       Image coordinate elements.  imgcrd[wcs.lng] and
*                       imgcrd[wcs.lat] are the projected x-, and
*                       y-coordinates in pseudo "degrees".
*
* Given and returned:
*   pixcrd    double[naxis]
*                       Pixel coordinate.  The element indicated by mixpix is
*                       given and the remaining elements are returned.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*                         3: Linear transformation matrix is singular.
*                         4: Inconsistent or unrecognized coordinate axis
*                            types.
*                         5: Invalid parameter value.
*                         6: Invalid coordinate transformation parameters.
*                         7: Ill-conditioned coordinate transformation
*                            parameters.
*                        10: Invalid world coordinate.
*                        11: No solution found in the specified interval.
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
* Notes:
*   Initially the specified solution interval is checked to see if it's a
*   "crossing" interval.  If it isn't, a search is made for a crossing
*   solution by iterating on the unknown celestial coordinate starting at the
*   upper limit of the solution interval and decrementing by the specified
*   step size.  A crossing is indicated if the trial value of the pixel
*   coordinate steps through the value specified.  If a crossing interval is
*   found then the solution is determined by a modified form of "regula falsi"
*   division of the crossing interval.  If no crossing interval was found
*   within the specified solution interval then a search is made for a
*   "non-crossing" solution as may arise from a point of tangency.  The
*   process is complicated by having to make allowance for the discontinuities
*   that occur in all map projections.
*
*   Once one solution has been determined others may be found by subsequent
*   invokations of wcsmix() with suitably restricted solution intervals.
*
*   Note the circumstance that arises when the solution point lies at a native
*   pole of a projection in which the pole is represented as a finite curve,
*   for example the zenithals and conics.  In such cases two or more valid
*   solutions may exist but wcsmix() only ever returns one.
*
*   Because of its generality wcsmix() is very compute-intensive.  For
*   compute-limited applications more efficient special-case solvers could be
*   written for simple projections, for example non-oblique cylindrical
*   projections.
*
*
* wcssptr() - Spectral axis translation
* -------------------------------------
* wcssptr() translates the spectral axis in a wcsprm struct.  For example, a
* 'FREQ' axis may be translated into 'ZOPT-F2W' and vice versa.
*
* Given and returned:
*   wcs       struct wcsprm*
*                       Coordinate transformation parameters.
*
*   i         int*      Index of the spectral axis (0-relative).  If given < 0
*                       it will be set to the first spectral axis identified
*                       from the ctype[] keyvalues in the wcsprm struct.
*
*   ctype     char[9]   Desired spectral CTYPEia.  Wildcarding may be used as
*                       for the ctypeS2 argument to spctrn() as described in
*                       the prologue of spc.h, i.e. if the final three
*                       characters are specified as "???", or if just the
*                       eighth character is specified as '?', the correct
*                       algorithm code will be substituted and returned.
*
* Function return value:
*             int       Status return value:
*                         0: Success.
*                         1: Null wcsprm pointer passed.
*                         2: Memory allocation failed.
*                         3: Linear transformation matrix is singular.
*                         4: Inconsistent or unrecognized coordinate axis
*                            types.
*                         5: Invalid parameter value.
*                         6: Invalid coordinate transformation parameters.
*                         7: Ill-conditioned coordinate transformation
*                            parameters.
*                        12: Invalid subimage specification (no spectral
*                            axis).
*
*                       For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in
*                       wcsprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable().
*
*
* wcsprm struct - Coordinate transformation parameters
* ----------------------------------------------------
* The wcsprm struct contains information required to transform world
* coordinates.  It consists of certain members that must be set by the user
* ("given") and others that are set by the WCSLIB routines ("returned").
* Some of the former are not actually required for transforming coordinates.
* These are described as "auxiliary"; the struct simply provides a place to
* store them, though they may be used by wcshdo() in constructing a FITS
* header from a wcsprm struct.  Some of the returned values are supplied for
* informational purposes and others are for internal use only as indicated.
*
* In practice, it is expected that a WCS parser would scan the FITS header to
* determine the number of coordinate axes.  It would then use wcsini() to
* allocate memory for arrays in the wcsprm struct and set default values.
* Then as it reread the header and identified each WCS keyrecord it would load
* the value into the relevant wcsprm array element.  This is essentially what
* wcspih() does - refer to the prologue of wcshdr.h.  As the final step,
* wcsset() is invoked, either directly or indirectly, to set the derived
* members of the wcsprm struct.  wcsset() strips off trailing blanks in all
* string members and null-fills the character array.
*
*   int flag
*     (Given and returned) This flag must be set to zero whenever any of the
*     following wcsprm struct members are set or changed:
*
*       - wcsprm::naxis (q.v., not normally set by the user),
*       - wcsprm::crpix,
*       - wcsprm::pc,
*       - wcsprm::cdelt,
*       - wcsprm::crval,
*       - wcsprm::cunit,
*       - wcsprm::ctype,
*       - wcsprm::lonpole,
*       - wcsprm::latpole,
*       - wcsprm::restfrq,
*       - wcsprm::restwav,
*       - wcsprm::npv,
*       - wcsprm::pv,
*       - wcsprm::nps,
*       - wcsprm::ps,
*       - wcsprm::cd,
*       - wcsprm::crota,
*       - wcsprm::altlin.
*
*     This signals the initialization routine, wcsset(), to recompute the
*     returned members of the celprm struct.  celset() will reset flag to
*     indicate that this has been done.
*
*     PLEASE NOTE: flag should be set to -1 when wcsini() is called for the
*     first time for a particular wcsprm struct in order to initialize memory
*     management.  It must ONLY be used on the first initialization otherwise
*     memory leaks may result.
*
*   int naxis
*     (Given or returned) Number of pixel and world coordinate elements.
*
*     If wcsini() is used to initialize the linprm struct (as would normally
*     be the case) then it will set naxis from the value passed to it as a
*     function argument.  The user should not subsequently modify it.
*
*   double *crpix
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of double containing
*     the coordinate reference pixel, CRPIXja.
*
*   double *pc
*     (Given) Address of the first element of the PCi_ja (pixel coordinate)
*     transformation matrix.  The expected order is
*
=       struct wcsprm wcs;
=       wcs.pc = {PC1_1, PC1_2, PC2_1, PC2_2};
*
*     This may be constructed conveniently from a 2-D array via
*
=       double m[2][2] = {{PC1_1, PC1_2},
=                         {PC2_1, PC2_2}};
*
*     which is equivalent to
*
=       double m[2][2];
=       m[0][0] = PC1_1;
=       m[0][1] = PC1_2;
=       m[1][0] = PC2_1;
=       m[1][1] = PC2_2;
*
*     The storage order for this 2-D array is the same as for the 1-D array,
*     whence
*
=       wcs.pc = *m;
*
*     would be legitimate.
*
*   double *cdelt
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of double containing
*     the coordinate increments, CDELTia.
*
*   double *crval
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of double containing
*     the coordinate reference values, CRVALia.
*
*   char (*cunit)[72]
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of char[72] containing
*     the CUNITia keyvalues which define the units of measurement of the
*     CRVALia, CDELTia, and CDi_ja keywords.
*
*     As CUNITia is an optional header keyword, cunit[][72] may be left blank
*     but otherwise is expected to contain a standard units specification as
*     defined by WCS Paper I.  Utility function wcsutrn(), described in
*     wcsunits.h, is available to translate commonly used non-standard units
*     specifications but this must be done as a separate step before invoking
*     wcsset().
*
*     For celestial axes, if cunit[][72] is not blank, wcsset() uses
*     wcsunits() to parse it and scale cdelt[], crval[], and cd[][*] to
*     degrees.  It then resets cunit[][72] to "deg".
*
*     For spectral axes, if cunit[][72] is not blank, wcsset() uses wcsunits()
*     to parse it and scale cdelt[], crval[], and cd[][*] to SI units.  It
*     then resets cunit[][72] accordingly.
*
*     wcsset() ignores cunit[][72] for other coordinate types; cunit[][72] may
*     be used to label coordinate values.
*
*     These variables accomodate the longest allowed string-valued FITS
*     keyword, being limited to 68 characters, plus the null-terminating
*     character.
*
*   char (*ctype)[72]
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of char[72] containing
*     the coordinate axis types, CTYPEia.
*
*     The ctype[][72] keyword values must be in upper case and there must be
*     zero or one pair of matched celestial axis types, and zero or one
*     spectral axis.  The ctype[][72] strings should be padded with blanks on
*     the right and null-terminated so that they are at least eight characters
*     in length.
*
*     These variables accomodate the longest allowed string-valued FITS
*     keyword, being limited to 68 characters, plus the null-terminating
*     character.
*
*   double lonpole
*     (Given and returned) The native longitude of the celestial pole, phi_p,
*     given by LONPOLEa [deg] or by PVi_2a [deg] attached to the longitude
*     axis which takes precedence if defined, and ...
*   double latpole
*     (Given and returned) ... the native latitude of the celestial pole,
*     theta_p, given by LATPOLEa [deg] or by PVi_3a [deg] attached to the
*     longitude axis which takes precedence if defined.
*
*     lonpole and latpole may be left to default to values set by wcsini()
*     (see celprm::ref), but in any case they will be reset by wcsset() to
*     the values actually used.  Note therefore that if the wcsprm struct is
*     reused without resetting them, whether directly or via wcsini(), they
*     will no longer have their default values.
*
*   double restfrq
*     (Given) The rest frequency [Hz], and/or ...
*   double restwav
*     (Given) ... the rest wavelength in vacuuo [m], only one of which need be
*     given, the other should be set to zero.
*
*   int npv
*     (Given) The number of entries in the wcsprm::pv[] array.
*
*   int npvmax
*     (Given or returned) The length of the wcsprm::pv[] array.
*
*     npvmax will be set by wcsini() if it allocates memory for wcsprm::pv[],
*     otherwise it must be set by the user.  See also wcsnpv().
*
*   struct pvcard *pv
*     (Given or returned) Address of the first element of an array of length
*     npvmax of pvcard structs.  Set by wcsini() if it allocates memory for
*     pv[], otherwise it must be set by the user.  See also wcsnpv().
*
*     As a FITS header parser encounters each PVi_ma keyword it should load it
*     into a pvcard struct in the array and increment npv.  wcsset()
*     interprets these as required.
*
*     Note that, if they were not given, wcsset() resets the entries for
*     PVi_1a, PVi_2a, PVi_3a, and PVi_4a for longitude axis i to match
*     phi_0 and theta_0 (the native longitude and latitude of the reference
*     point), LONPOLEa and LATPOLEa respectively.
*
*   int nps
*     (Given) The number of entries in the wcsprm::ps[] array.
*
*   int npsmax
*     (Given or returned) The length of the wcsprm::ps[] array.
*
*     npsmax will be set by wcsini() if it allocates memory for wcsprm::ps[],
*     otherwise it must be set by the user.  See also wcsnps().
*
*   struct pscard *ps
*     (Given or returned) Address of the first element of an array of length
*     npsmax of pscard structs.  Set by wcsini() if it allocates memory for
*     ps[], otherwise it must be set by the user.  See also wcsnps().
*
*     As a FITS header parser encounters each PSi_ma keyword it should load it
*     into a pscard struct in the array and increment nps.  wcsset()
*     interprets these as required (currently no PSi_ma keyvalues are
*     recognized).
*
*   double *cd
*     (Given) For historical compatibility, the wcsprm struct supports two
*     alternate specifications of the linear transformation matrix, those
*     associated with the CDi_ja keywords, and ...
*   double *crota
*     (Given) ... those associated with the CROTAia keywords.  Although these
*     may not formally co-exist with PCi_ja, the approach taken here is simply
*     to ignore them if given in conjunction with PCi_ja.
*
*   int altlin
*     (Given) altlin is a bit flag that denotes which of the PCi_ja, CDi_ja
*     and CROTAia keywords are present in the header:
*
*     - Bit 0: PCi_ja is present.
*
*     - Bit 1: CDi_ja is present.
*
*       Matrix elements in the IRAF convention are
*       equivalent to the product CDi_ja = CDELTia * PCi_ja, but the
*       defaults differ from that of the PCi_ja matrix.  If one or more
*       CDi_ja keywords are present then all unspecified CDi_ja default to
*       zero.  If no CDi_ja (or CROTAia) keywords are present, then the
*       header is assumed to be in PCi_ja form whether or not any PCi_ja
*       keywords are present since this results in an interpretation of
*       CDELTia consistent with the original FITS specification.
*
*       While CDi_ja may not formally co-exist with PCi_ja, it may co-exist
*       with CDELTia and CROTAia which are to be ignored.
*
*     - Bit 2: CROTAia is present.
*
*       In the AIPS convention, CROTAia may only be
*       associated with the latitude axis of a celestial axis pair.  It
*       specifies a rotation in the image plane that is applied AFTER the
*       CDELTia; any other CROTAia keywords are ignored.
*
*       CROTAia may not formally co-exist with PCi_ja.
*
*       CROTAia and CDELTia may formally co-exist with CDi_ja but if so are to
*       be ignored.
*
*     CDi_ja and CROTAia keywords, if found, are to be stored in the
*     wcsprm::cd and wcsprm::crota arrays which are dimensioned similarly to
*     wcsprm::pc and wcsprm::cdelt.  FITS
*     header parsers should use the following procedure:
*
*     - Whenever a PCi_ja  keyword is encountered: altlin |= 1;
*
*     - Whenever a CDi_ja  keyword is encountered: altlin |= 2;
*
*     - Whenever a CROTAia keyword is encountered: altlin |= 4;
*
*     If none of these bits are set the PCi_ja representation results, i.e.
*     wcsprm::pc and wcsprm::cdelt will be used as given.
*
*     These alternate specifications of the linear transformation matrix are
*     translated immediately to PCi_ja by wcsset() and are invisible to the
*     lower-level WCSLIB routines.  In particular, wcsset() resets
*     wcsprm::cdelt to unity if CDi_ja is present (and no PCi_ja).
*
*     If CROTAia are present but none is associated with the latitude axis
*     (and no PCi_ja or CDi_ja), then wcsset() reverts to a unity PCi_ja
*     matrix.
*
*   int velref
*     (Given) AIPS velocity code VELREF, refer to spcaips().
*
*   char alt[4]
*     (Given, auxiliary) Character code for alternate coordinate descriptions
*     (i.e. the 'a' in keyword names such as CTYPEia).  This is blank for the
*     primary coordinate description, or one of the 26 upper-case letters,
*     A-Z.
*
*     An array of four characters is provided for alignment purposes, only the
*     first is used.
*
*   int colnum
*     (Given, auxiliary) Where the coordinate representation is associated
*     with an image-array column in a FITS binary table, this variable may be
*     used to record the relevant column number.
*
*     It should be set to zero for an image header or pixel list.
*
*   int *colax
*     (Given, auxiliary) Address of the first element of an array of int
*     recording the column numbers for each axis in a pixel list.
*
*     The array elements should be set to zero for an image header or image
*     array in a binary table.
*
*   char (*cname)[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) The address of the first element of an array of
*     char[72] containing the coordinate axis names, CNAMEia.
*
*     These variables accomodate the longest allowed string-valued FITS
*     keyword, being limited to 68 characters, plus the null-terminating
*     character.
*
*   double *crder
*     (Given, auxiliary) Address of the first element of an array of double
*     recording the random error in the coordinate value, CRDERia.
*   double *csyer
*     (Given, auxiliary) Address of the first element of an array of double
*     recording the systematic error in the coordinate value, CSYERia.
*
*   char dateavg[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) The date of a representative mid-point of the
*     observation in ISO format, yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss.
*   char dateobs[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) The date of the start of the observation unless
*     otherwise explained in the comment field of the DATE-OBS keyword, in
*     ISO format, yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss.
*
*   double equinox
*     (Given, auxiliary) The equinox associated with dynamical equatorial or
*     ecliptic coordinate systems, EQUINOXa (or EPOCH in older headers).  Not
*     applicable to ICRS equatorial or ecliptic coordinates.
*
*   double mjdavg
*     (Given, auxiliary) Modified Julian Date (MJD = JD - 2400000.5), MJD-AVG,
*     corresponding to DATE-AVG.
*   double mjdobs
*     (Given, auxiliary) Modified Julian Date (MJD = JD - 2400000.5), MJD-OBS,
*     corresponding to DATE-OBS.
*
*   double obsgeo[3]
*     (Given, auxiliary) Location of the observer in a standard terrestrial
*     reference frame, OBSGEO-X, OBSGEO-Y, OBSGEO-Z [m].
*
*   char radesys[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) The equatorial or ecliptic coordinate system type,
*     RADESYSa.
*
*   char specsys[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) Spectral reference frame (standard of rest),
*     SPECSYSa, and ...
*   char ssysobs[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) ... the actual frame in which there is no
*     differential variation in the spectral coordinate across the
*     field-of-view, SSYSOBSa.
*   double velosys
*     (Given, auxiliary) The relative radial velocity [m/s] between the
*     observer and the selected standard of rest in the direction of the
*     celestial reference coordinate, VELOSYSa.
*
*   double zsource
*     (Given, auxiliary) The redshift, ZSOURCEa, of the source, and ...
*   char ssyssrc[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) ... the spectral reference frame (standard of rest)
*     in which this was measured, SSYSSRCa.
*
*   double velangl
*     (Given, auxiliary) The angle [deg] that should be used to decompose an
*     observed velocity into radial and transverse components.
*
*   char wcsname[72]
*     (Given, auxiliary) The name given to the coordinate representation,
*     WCSNAMEa.  This variable accomodates the longest allowed string-valued
*     FITS keyword, being limited to 68 characters, plus the null-terminating
*     character.
*
*   int ntab
*     (Given) See wcsprm::tab.
*
*   int nwtb
*     (Given) See wcsprm::wtb.
*
*   struct tabprm *tab
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of ntab tabprm structs
*     for which memory has been allocated.  These are used to store tabular
*     transformation parameters.
*
*     Although technically wcsprm::ntab and tab are "given", they will
*     normally be set by invoking wcstab(), whether directly or indirectly.
*
*     The tabprm structs contain some members that must be supplied and others
*     that are derived.  The information to be supplied comes primarily from
*     arrays stored in one or more FITS binary table extensions.  These
*     arrays, referred to here as "wcstab arrays", are themselves located by
*     parameters stored in the FITS image header.
*
*   struct wtbarr *wtb
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of nwtb wtbarr structs
*     for which memory has been allocated.  These are used in extracting
*     wcstab arrays from a FITS binary table.
*
*     Although technically wcsprm::nwtb and wtb are "given", they will
*     normally be set by invoking wcstab(), whether directly or indirectly.
*
*   char lngtyp[8]
*     (Returned) Four-character WCS celestial longitude and ...
*   char lattyp[8]
*     (Returned) ... latitude axis types. e.g. "RA", "DEC", "GLON", "GLAT",
*     etc. extracted from 'RA--', 'DEC-', 'GLON', 'GLAT', etc. in the first
*     four characters of CTYPEia but with trailing dashes removed.  (Declared
*     as char[8] for alignment reasons.)
*
*   int lng
*     (Returned) Index for the longitude coordinate, and ...
*   int lat
*     (Returned) ... index for the latitude coordinate, and ...
*   int spec
*     (Returned) ... index for the spectral coordinate in the imgcrd[][] and
*     world[][] arrays in the API of wcsp2s(), wcss2p() and wcsmix().
*
*     These may also serve as indices into the pixcrd[][] array provided that
*     the PCi_ja matrix does not transpose axes.
*
*   int cubeface
*     (Returned) Index into the pixcrd[][] array for the CUBEFACE axis.  This
*     is used for quadcube projections where the cube faces are stored on a
*     separate axis (see wcs.h).
*
*   int *types
*     (Returned) Address of the first element of an array of int containing a
*     four-digit type code for each axis.
*
*     - First digit (i.e. 1000s):
*       - 0: Non-specific coordinate type.
*       - 1: Stokes coordinate.
*       - 2: Celestial coordinate (including CUBEFACE).
*       - 3: Spectral coordinate.
*
*     - Second digit (i.e. 100s):
*       - 0: Linear axis.
*       - 1: Quantized axis (STOKES, CUBEFACE).
*       - 2: Non-linear celestial axis.
*       - 3: Non-linear spectral axis.
*       - 4: Logarithmic axis.
*       - 5: Tabular axis.
*
*     - Third digit (i.e. 10s):
*       - 0: Group number, e.g. lookup table number, being an index into the
*            tabprm array (see above).
*
*     - The fourth digit is used as a qualifier depending on the axis type.
*
*       - For celestial axes:
*         - 0: Longitude coordinate.
*         - 1: Latitude coordinate.
*         - 2: CUBEFACE number.
*
*       - For lookup tables: the axis number in a multidimensional table.
*
*     CTYPEia in "4-3" form with unrecognized algorithm code will have its
*     type set to -1 and generate an error.
*
*   void *padding
*     (An unused variable inserted for alignment purposes only.)
*
*   struct linprm lin
*     (Returned) Linear transformation parameters (usage is described in the
*     prologue to lin.h).
*
*   struct celprm cel
*     (Returned) Celestial transformation parameters (usage is described in
*     the prologue to cel.h).
*
*   struct spcprm spc
*     (Returned) Spectral transformation parameters (usage is described in the
*     prologue to spc.h).
*
*   struct wcserr *err
*     (Returned) If enabled, when an error status is returned this struct
*     contains detailed information about the error, see wcserr_enable().
*
*   void *m_padding
*     (For internal use only.)
*   int m_flag
*     (For internal use only.)
*   int m_naxis
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_crpix
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_pc
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_cdelt
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_crval
*     (For internal use only.)
*   char (*m_cunit)[72]
*     (For internal use only.)
*   char (*m_ctype)[72]
*     (For internal use only.)
*   struct pvcard *m_pv
*     (For internal use only.)
*   struct pscard *m_ps
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_cd
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_crota
*     (For internal use only.)
*   int *m_colax
*     (For internal use only.)
*   char (*m_cname)[72]
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_crder
*     (For internal use only.)
*   double *m_csyer
*     (For internal use only.)
*   struct tabprm *m_tab
*     (For internal use only.)
*   struct wtbarr *m_wtb
*     (For internal use only.)
*
*
* pscard struct - Store for PSi_ma keyrecords
* -------------------------------------------
* The pscard struct is used to pass the parsed contents of PSi_ma keyrecords
* to wcsset() via the wcsprm struct.
*
* All members of this struct are to be set by the user.
*
*   int i
*     (Given) Axis number (1-relative), as in the FITS PSi_ma keyword.
*
*   int m
*     (Given) Parameter number (non-negative), as in the FITS PSi_ma keyword.
*
*   char value[72]
*     (Given) Parameter value.
*
*
* pvcard struct - Store for PVi_ma keyrecords
* -------------------------------------------
* The pvcard struct is used to pass the parsed contents of PVi_ma keyrecords
* to wcsset() via the wcsprm struct.
*
* All members of this struct are to be set by the user.
*
*   int i
*     (Given) Axis number (1-relative), as in the FITS PVi_ma keyword.
*
*   int m
*     (Given) Parameter number (non-negative), as in the FITS PVi_ma keyword.
*
*   double value
*     (Given) Parameter value.
*
*
* wtbarr struct - Extraction of coordinate lookup tables from BINTABLE
* --------------------------------------------------------------------
* Function wcstab(), which is invoked automatically by wcspih(), sets up an
* array of wtbarr structs to assist in extracting coordinate lookup tables
* from a binary table extension (BINTABLE) and copying them into the tabprm
* structs stored in wcsprm.  Refer to the usage notes for wcspih() and
* wcstab() in wcshdr.h, and also the prologue to tab.h.
*
* For C++ usage, because of a name space conflict with the wtbarr typedef
* defined in CFITSIO header fitsio.h, the wtbarr struct is renamed to wtbarr_s
* by preprocessor macro substitution with scope limited to wcs.h itself.
*
*   int i
*     (Given) Image axis number.
*
*   int m
*     (Given) wcstab array axis number for index vectors.
*
*   int kind
*     (Given) Character identifying the wcstab array type:
*       - c: coordinate array,
*       - i: index vector.
*
*   char extnam[72]
*     (Given) EXTNAME identifying the binary table extension.
*
*   int extver
*     (Given) EXTVER identifying the binary table extension.
*
*   int extlev
*     (Given) EXTLEV identifying the binary table extension.
*
*   char ttype[72]
*     (Given) TTYPEn identifying the column of the binary table that contains
*     the wcstab array.
*
*   long row
*     (Given) Table row number.
*
*   int ndim
*     (Given) Expected dimensionality of the wcstab array.
*
*   int *dimlen
*     (Given) Address of the first element of an array of int of length ndim
*     into which the wcstab array axis lengths are to be written.
*
*   double **arrayp
*     (Given) Pointer to an array of double which is to be allocated by the
*     user and into which the wcstab array is to be written.
*
*
* Global variable: const char *wcs_errmsg[] - Status return messages
* ------------------------------------------------------------------
* Error messages to match the status value returned from each function.
*
*===========================================================================*/

#ifndef WCSLIB_WCS
#define WCSLIB_WCS

#include "lin.h"
#include "cel.h"
#include "spc.h"
#include "tab.h"
#include "wcserr.h"

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

#define WCSSUB_LONGITUDE 0x1001
#define WCSSUB_LATITUDE  0x1002
#define WCSSUB_CUBEFACE  0x1004
#define WCSSUB_CELESTIAL 0x1007
#define WCSSUB_SPECTRAL  0x1008
#define WCSSUB_STOKES    0x1010


extern const char *wcs_errmsg[];

enum wcs_errmsg_enum {
  WCSERR_SUCCESS         =  0,      /* Success. */
  WCSERR_NULL_POINTER    =  1,      /* Null wcsprm pointer passed. */
  WCSERR_MEMORY          =  2,      /* Memory allocation failed. */
  WCSERR_SINGULAR_MTX    =  3,      /* Linear transformation matrix is
                           singular. */
  WCSERR_BAD_CTYPE       =  4,      /* Inconsistent or unrecognized coordinate
                           axis types. */
  WCSERR_BAD_PARAM       =  5,      /* Invalid parameter value. */
  WCSERR_BAD_COORD_TRANS =  6,      /* Invalid coordinate transformation
                           parameters. */
  WCSERR_ILL_COORD_TRANS =  7,      /* Ill-conditioned coordinate transformation
                           parameters. */
  WCSERR_BAD_PIX         =  8,      /* One or more of the pixel coordinates were
                           invalid. */
  WCSERR_BAD_WORLD       =  9,      /* One or more of the world coordinates were
                           invalid. */
  WCSERR_BAD_WORLD_COORD = 10,      /* Invalid world coordinate. */
  WCSERR_NO_SOLUTION     = 11,      /* No solution found in the specified
                           interval. */
  WCSERR_BAD_SUBIMAGE    = 12,      /* Invalid subimage specification. */
  WCSERR_NON_SEPARABLE   = 13 /* Non-separable subimage coordinate
                           system. */
};


/* Struct used for storing PVi_ma keywords. */
01336 struct pvcard {
  int i;                /* Axis number, as in PVi_ma (1-relative).  */
  int m;                /* Parameter number, ditto  (0-relative).   */
  double value;               /* Parameter value.                         */
};

/* Struct used for storing PSi_ma keywords. */
01343 struct pscard {
  int i;                /* Axis number, as in PSi_ma (1-relative).  */
  int m;                /* Parameter number, ditto  (0-relative).   */
  char value[72];       /* Parameter value.                         */
};

                        /* For extracting wcstab arrays.  Matches   */
                        /* the wtbarr typedef defined in CFITSIO    */
                        /* header fitsio.h.                         */
#ifdef __cplusplus
#define wtbarr wtbarr_s       /* See prologue above.                      */
#endif
struct wtbarr {
  int  i;               /* Image axis number.                       */
  int  m;               /* Array axis number for index vectors.     */
  int  kind;                  /* wcstab array type.                       */
  char extnam[72];            /* EXTNAME of binary table extension.       */
  int  extver;                /* EXTVER  of binary table extension.       */
  int  extlev;                /* EXTLEV  of binary table extension.       */
  char ttype[72];       /* TTYPEn of column containing the array.   */
  long row;             /* Table row number.                        */
  int  ndim;                  /* Expected wcstab array dimensionality.    */
  int  *dimlen;               /* Where to write the array axis lengths.   */
  double **arrayp;            /* Where to write the address of the array  */
                        /* allocated to store the wcstab array.     */
};


01371 struct wcsprm {
  /* Initialization flag (see the prologue above).                          */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  int    flag;                /* Set to zero to force initialization.     */

  /* FITS header keyvalues to be provided (see the prologue above).         */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  int    naxis;               /* Number of axes (pixel and coordinate).   */
  double *crpix;        /* CRPIXja keyvalues for each pixel axis.   */
  double *pc;                 /* PCi_ja  linear transformation matrix.    */
  double *cdelt;        /* CDELTia keyvalues for each coord axis.   */
  double *crval;        /* CRVALia keyvalues for each coord axis.   */

  char   (*cunit)[72];        /* CUNITia keyvalues for each coord axis.   */
  char   (*ctype)[72];        /* CTYPEia keyvalues for each coord axis.   */

  double lonpole;       /* LONPOLEa keyvalue.                       */
  double latpole;       /* LATPOLEa keyvalue.                       */

  double restfrq;       /* RESTFRQa keyvalue.                       */
  double restwav;       /* RESTWAVa keyvalue.                       */

  int    npv;                 /* Number of PVi_ma keywords, and the       */
  int    npvmax;        /* number for which space was allocated.    */
  struct pvcard *pv;          /* PVi_ma keywords for each i and m.        */

  int    nps;                 /* Number of PSi_ma keywords, and the       */
  int    npsmax;        /* number for which space was allocated.    */
  struct pscard *ps;          /* PSi_ma keywords for each i and m.        */

  /* Alternative header keyvalues (see the prologue above).                 */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  double *cd;                 /* CDi_ja linear transformation matrix.     */
  double *crota;        /* CROTAia keyvalues for each coord axis.   */
  int    altlin;        /* Alternative representations              */
                        /*   Bit 0: PCi_ja  is present,             */
                        /*   Bit 1: CDi_ja  is present,             */
                        /*   Bit 2: CROTAia is present.             */
  int    velref;        /* AIPS velocity code, VELREF.              */

  /* Auxiliary coordinate system information, not used by WCSLIB.           */
  char   alt[4];
  int    colnum;
  int    *colax;

  char   (*cname)[72];
  double *crder;
  double *csyer;
  char   dateavg[72];
  char   dateobs[72];
  double equinox;
  double mjdavg;
  double mjdobs;
  double obsgeo[3];
  char   radesys[72];
  char   specsys[72];
  char   ssysobs[72];
  double velosys;
  double zsource;
  char   ssyssrc[72];
  double velangl;
  char   wcsname[72];

  /* Coordinate lookup tables (see the prologue above).                     */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  int    ntab;                /* Number of separate tables.               */
  int    nwtb;                /* Number of wtbarr structs.                */
  struct tabprm *tab;         /* Tabular transformation parameters.       */
  struct wtbarr *wtb;         /* Array of wtbarr structs.                 */

  /* Information derived from the FITS header keyvalues by wcsset().        */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  char   lngtyp[8], lattyp[8];      /* Celestial axis types, e.g. RA, DEC.      */
  int    lng, lat, spec;      /* Longitude, latitude and spectral axis    */
                        /* indices (0-relative).                    */
  int    cubeface;            /* True if there is a CUBEFACE axis.        */
  int    *types;        /* Coordinate type codes for each axis.     */
  void   *padding;            /* (Dummy inserted for alignment purposes.) */

  struct linprm lin;          /* Linear    transformation parameters.     */
  struct celprm cel;          /* Celestial transformation parameters.     */
  struct spcprm spc;          /* Spectral  transformation parameters.     */

  /* Error handling                                                         */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  struct wcserr *err;

  /* Private - the remainder are for memory management.                     */
  /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  void   *m_padding;
  int    m_flag, m_naxis;
  double *m_crpix, *m_pc, *m_cdelt, *m_crval;
  char  (*m_cunit)[72], (*m_ctype)[72];
  struct pvcard *m_pv;
  struct pscard *m_ps;
  double *m_cd, *m_crota;
  int    *m_colax;
  char  (*m_cname)[72];
  double *m_crder, *m_csyer;
  struct tabprm *m_tab;
  struct wtbarr *m_wtb;
};

/* Size of the wcsprm struct in int units, used by the Fortran wrappers. */
#define WCSLEN (sizeof(struct wcsprm)/sizeof(int))


int wcsnpv(int n);

int wcsnps(int n);

int wcsini(int alloc, int naxis, struct wcsprm *wcs);

int wcssub(int alloc, const struct wcsprm *wcssrc, int *nsub, int axes[],
           struct wcsprm *wcsdst);

int wcsfree(struct wcsprm *wcs);

int wcsprt(const struct wcsprm *wcs);

int wcsperr(const struct wcsprm *wcs, const char *prefix);

int wcsset(struct wcsprm *wcs);

int wcsp2s(struct wcsprm *wcs, int ncoord, int nelem, const double pixcrd[],
           double imgcrd[], double phi[], double theta[], double world[],
           int stat[]);

int wcss2p(struct wcsprm *wcs, int ncoord, int nelem, const double world[],
           double phi[], double theta[], double imgcrd[], double pixcrd[],
           int stat[]);

int wcsmix(struct wcsprm *wcs, int mixpix, int mixcel, const double vspan[],
           double vstep, int viter, double world[], double phi[],
           double theta[], double imgcrd[], double pixcrd[]);

int wcssptr(struct wcsprm *wcs, int *i, char ctype[9]);

/* Defined mainly for backwards compatibility, use wcssub() instead. */
#define wcscopy(alloc, wcssrc, wcsdst) wcssub(alloc, wcssrc, 0, 0, wcsdst)


/* Deprecated. */
#define wcsini_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcssub_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcscopy_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcsfree_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcsprt_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcsset_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcsp2s_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcss2p_errmsg wcs_errmsg
#define wcsmix_errmsg wcs_errmsg

#ifdef __cplusplus
#undef wtbarr
}
#endif

#endif /* WCSLIB_WCS */

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index