/*============================================================================ WCSLIB 4.8 - an implementation of the FITS WCS standard. Copyright (C) 1995-2011, Mark Calabretta This file is part of WCSLIB. WCSLIB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. WCSLIB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with WCSLIB. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. Correspondence concerning WCSLIB may be directed to: Internet email: mcalabre@atnf.csiro.au Postal address: Dr. Mark Calabretta Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO PO Box 76 Epping NSW 1710 AUSTRALIA Author: Mark Calabretta, Australia Telescope National Facility http://www.atnf.csiro.au/~mcalabre/index.html $Id: spx.h,v 4.8.1.1 2011/08/15 08:07:06 cal103 Exp cal103 $ *============================================================================= * * WCSLIB 4.8 - C routines that implement the spectral coordinate systems * recognized by the FITS World Coordinate System (WCS) standard. Refer to * * "Representations of world coordinates in FITS", * Greisen, E.W., & Calabretta, M.R. 2002, A&A, 395, 1061 (Paper I) * * "Representations of spectral coordinates in FITS", * Greisen, E.W., Calabretta, M.R., Valdes, F.G., & Allen, S.L. * 2006, A&A, 446, 747 (Paper III) * * Refer to the README file provided with WCSLIB for an overview of the * library. * * * Summary of the spx routines * --------------------------- * specx() is a scalar routine that, given one spectral variable (e.g. * frequency), computes all the others (e.g. wavelength, velocity, etc.) plus * the required derivatives of each with respect to the others. The results * are returned in the spxprm struct. * * The remaining routines are all vector conversions from one spectral * variable to another. The API of these functions only differ in whether the * rest frequency or wavelength need be supplied. * * Non-linear: * - freqwave() frequency -> vacuum wavelength * - wavefreq() vacuum wavelength -> frequency * * - freqawav() frequency -> air wavelength * - awavfreq() air wavelength -> frequency * * - freqvelo() frequency -> relativistic velocity * - velofreq() relativistic velocity -> frequency * * - waveawav() vacuum wavelength -> air wavelength * - awavwave() air wavelength -> vacuum wavelength * * - wavevelo() vacuum wavelength -> relativistic velocity * - velowave() relativistic velocity -> vacuum wavelength * * - awavvelo() air wavelength -> relativistic velocity * - veloawav() relativistic velocity -> air wavelength * * Linear: * - freqafrq() frequency -> angular frequency * - afrqfreq() angular frequency -> frequency * * - freqener() frequency -> energy * - enerfreq() energy -> frequency * * - freqwavn() frequency -> wave number * - wavnfreq() wave number -> frequency * * - freqvrad() frequency -> radio velocity * - vradfreq() radio velocity -> frequency * * - wavevopt() vacuum wavelength -> optical velocity * - voptwave() optical velocity -> vacuum wavelength * * - wavezopt() vacuum wavelength -> redshift * - zoptwave() redshift -> vacuum wavelength * * - velobeta() relativistic velocity -> beta (= v/c) * - betavelo() beta (= v/c) -> relativistic velocity * * These are the workhorse routines, to be used for fast transformations. * Conversions may be done "in place" by calling the routine with the output * vector set to the input. * * Argument checking: * ------------------ * The input spectral values are only checked for values that would result * in floating point exceptions. In particular, negative frequencies and * wavelengths are allowed, as are velocities greater than the speed of * light. The same is true for the spectral parameters - rest frequency and * wavelength. * * Accuracy: * --------- * No warranty is given for the accuracy of these routines (refer to the * copyright notice); intending users must satisfy for themselves their * adequacy for the intended purpose. However, closure effectively to within * double precision rounding error was demonstrated by test routine tspec.c * which accompanies this software. * * * specx() - Spectral cross conversions (scalar) * --------------------------------------------- * Given one spectral variable specx() computes all the others, plus the * required derivatives of each with respect to the others. * * Given: * type const char* * The type of spectral variable given by spec, FREQ, * AFRQ, ENER, WAVN, VRAD, WAVE, VOPT, ZOPT, AWAV, VELO, * or BETA (case sensitive). * * spec double The spectral variable given, in SI units. * * restfrq, * restwav double Rest frequency [Hz] or rest wavelength in vacuo [m], * only one of which need be given. The other should be * set to zero. If both are zero, only a subset of the * spectral variables can be computed, the remainder are * set to zero. Specifically, given one of FREQ, AFRQ, * ENER, WAVN, WAVE, or AWAV the others can be computed * without knowledge of the rest frequency. Likewise, * VRAD, VOPT, ZOPT, VELO, and BETA. * * Given and returned: * specs struct spxprm* * Data structure containing all spectral variables and * their derivatives, in SI units. * * Function return value: * int Status return value: * 0: Success. * 1: Null spxprm pointer passed. * 2: Invalid spectral parameters. * 3: Invalid spectral variable. * * For returns > 1, a detailed error message is set in * spxprm::err if enabled, see wcserr_enable(). * * freqafrq(), afrqfreq(), freqener(), enerfreq(), freqwavn(), wavnfreq(), * freqwave(), wavefreq(), freqawav(), awavfreq(), waveawav(), awavwave(), * velobeta(), and betavelo() implement vector conversions between wave-like * or velocity-like spectral types (i.e. conversions that do not need the rest * frequency or wavelength). They all have the same API. * * * freqafrq() - Convert frequency to angular frequency (vector) * ------------------------------------------------------------ * freqafrq() converts frequency to angular frequency. * * Given: * param double Ignored. * * nspec int Vector length. * * instep, * outstep int Vector strides. * * inspec const double[] * Input spectral variables, in SI units. * * Returned: * outspec double[] Output spectral variables, in SI units. * * stat int[] Status return value for each vector element: * 0: Success. * 1: Invalid value of inspec. * * Function return value: * int Status return value: * 0: Success. * 2: Invalid spectral parameters. * 4: One or more of the inspec coordinates were * invalid, as indicated by the stat vector. * * * freqvelo(), velofreq(), freqvrad(), and vradfreq() implement vector * conversions between frequency and velocity spectral types. They all have * the same API. * * * freqvelo() - Convert frequency to relativistic velocity (vector) * ---------------------------------------------------------------- * freqvelo() converts frequency to relativistic velocity. * * Given: * param double Rest frequency [Hz]. * * nspec int Vector length. * * instep, * outstep int Vector strides. * * inspec const double[] * Input spectral variables, in SI units. * * Returned: * outspec double[] Output spectral variables, in SI units. * * stat int[] Status return value for each vector element: * 0: Success. * 1: Invalid value of inspec. * * Function return value: * int Status return value: * 0: Success. * 2: Invalid spectral parameters. * 4: One or more of the inspec coordinates were * invalid, as indicated by the stat vector. * * * wavevelo(), velowave(), awavvelo(), veloawav(), wavevopt(), voptwave(), * wavezopt(), and zoptwave() implement vector conversions between wavelength * and velocity spectral types. They all have the same API. * * * wavevelo() - Conversions between wavelength and velocity types (vector) * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- * wavevelo() converts vacuum wavelength to relativistic velocity. * * Given: * param double Rest wavelength in vacuo [m]. * * nspec int Vector length. * * instep, * outstep int Vector strides. * * inspec const double[] * Input spectral variables, in SI units. * * Returned: * outspec double[] Output spectral variables, in SI units. * * stat int[] Status return value for each vector element: * 0: Success. * 1: Invalid value of inspec. * * Function return value: * int Status return value: * 0: Success. * 2: Invalid spectral parameters. * 4: One or more of the inspec coordinates were * invalid, as indicated by the stat vector. * * * spxprm struct - Spectral variables and their derivatives * -------------------------------------------------------- * The spxprm struct contains the value of all spectral variables and their * derivatives. It is used solely by specx() which constructs it from * information provided via its function arguments. * * This struct should be considered read-only, no members need ever be set nor * should ever be modified by the user. * * double restfrq * (Returned) Rest frequency [Hz]. * * double restwav * (Returned) Rest wavelength [m]. * * int wavetype * (Returned) True if wave types have been computed, and ... * * int velotype * (Returned) ... true if velocity types have been computed; types are * defined below. * * If one or other of spxprm::restfrq and spxprm::restwav is given * (non-zero) then all spectral variables may be computed. If both are * given, restfrq is used. If restfrq and restwav are both zero, only wave * characteristic xor velocity type spectral variables may be computed * depending on the variable given. These flags indicate what is * available. * * double freq * (Returned) Frequency [Hz] (wavetype). * * double afrq * (Returned) Angular frequency [rad/s] (wavetype). * * double ener * (Returned) Photon energy [J] (wavetype). * * double wavn * (Returned) Wave number [/m] (wavetype). * * double vrad * (Returned) Radio velocity [m/s] (velotype). * * double wave * (Returned) Vacuum wavelength [m] (wavetype). * * double vopt * (Returned) Optical velocity [m/s] (velotype). * * double zopt * (Returned) Redshift [dimensionless] (velotype). * * double awav * (Returned) Air wavelength [m] (wavetype). * * double velo * (Returned) Relativistic velocity [m/s] (velotype). * * double beta * (Returned) Relativistic beta [dimensionless] (velotype). * * double dfreqafrq * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to angular frequency * [/rad] (constant, = 1 / 2*pi), and ... * double dafrqfreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [rad] (constant, = 2*pi, always available). * * double dfreqener * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to photon energy * [/J/s] (constant, = 1/h), and ... * double denerfreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [Js] (constant, = h, Planck's constant, * always available). * * double dfreqwavn * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to wave number [m/s] * (constant, = c, the speed of light in vacuuo), and ... * double dwavnfreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [s/m] (constant, = 1/c, always available). * * double dfreqvrad * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to radio velocity [/m], * and ... * double dvradfreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [m] (wavetype && velotype). * * double dfreqwave * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to vacuum wavelength * [/m/s], and ... * double dwavefreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [m s] (wavetype). * * double dfreqawav * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to air wavelength, * [/m/s], and ... * double dawavfreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [m s] (wavetype). * * double dfreqvelo * (Returned) Derivative of frequency with respect to relativistic * velocity [/m], and ... * double dvelofreq * (Returned) ... vice versa [m] (wavetype && velotype). * * double dwavevopt * (Returned) Derivative of vacuum wavelength with respect to optical * velocity [s], and ... * double dvoptwave * (Returned) ... vice versa [/s] (wavetype && velotype). * * double dwavezopt * (Returned) Derivative of vacuum wavelength with respect to redshift [m], * and ... * double dzoptwave * (Returned) ... vice versa [/m] (wavetype && velotype). * * double dwaveawav * (Returned) Derivative of vacuum wavelength with respect to air * wavelength [dimensionless], and ... * double dawavwave * (Returned) ... vice versa [dimensionless] (wavetype). * * double dwavevelo * (Returned) Derivative of vacuum wavelength with respect to relativistic * velocity [s], and ... * double dvelowave * (Returned) ... vice versa [/s] (wavetype && velotype). * * double dawavvelo * (Returned) Derivative of air wavelength with respect to relativistic * velocity [s], and ... * double dveloawav * (Returned) ... vice versa [/s] (wavetype && velotype). * * double dvelobeta * (Returned) Derivative of relativistic velocity with respect to * relativistic beta [m/s] (constant, = c, the speed of light in vacuu0), * and ... * double dbetavelo * (Returned) ... vice versa [s/m] (constant, = 1/c, always available). * * struct wcserr *err * (Returned) If enabled, when an error status is returned this struct * contains detailed information about the error, see wcserr_enable(). * * void *padding * (An unused variable inserted for alignment purposes only.) * * Global variable: const char *spx_errmsg[] - Status return messages * ------------------------------------------------------------------ * Error messages to match the status value returned from each function. * *===========================================================================*/ #ifndef WCSLIB_SPEC #define WCSLIB_SPEC #ifdef __cplusplus extern "C" { #endif #include "wcserr.h" extern const char *spx_errmsg[]; enum spx_errmsg { SPXERR_SUCCESS = 0, /* Success. */ SPXERR_NULL_POINTER = 1, /* Null spxprm pointer passed. */ SPXERR_BAD_SPEC_PARAMS = 2, /* Invalid spectral parameters. */ SPXERR_BAD_SPEC_VAR = 3, /* Invalid spectral variable. */ SPXERR_BAD_INSPEC_COORD = 4 /* One or more of the inspec coordinates were invalid. */ }; 00441 struct spxprm { double restfrq, restwav; /* Rest frequency [Hz] and wavelength [m]. */ int wavetype, velotype; /* True if wave/velocity types have been */ /* computed; types are defined below. */ /* Spectral variables computed by specx(). */ /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ double freq, /* wavetype: Frequency [Hz]. */ afrq, /* wavetype: Angular frequency [rad/s]. */ ener, /* wavetype: Photon energy [J]. */ wavn, /* wavetype: Wave number [/m]. */ vrad, /* velotype: Radio velocity [m/s]. */ wave, /* wavetype: Vacuum wavelength [m]. */ vopt, /* velotype: Optical velocity [m/s]. */ zopt, /* velotype: Redshift. */ awav, /* wavetype: Air wavelength [m]. */ velo, /* velotype: Relativistic velocity [m/s]. */ beta; /* velotype: Relativistic beta. */ /* Derivatives of spectral variables computed by specx(). */ /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ double dfreqafrq, dafrqfreq, /* Constant, always available. */ dfreqener, denerfreq, /* Constant, always available. */ dfreqwavn, dwavnfreq, /* Constant, always available. */ dfreqvrad, dvradfreq, /* wavetype && velotype. */ dfreqwave, dwavefreq, /* wavetype. */ dfreqawav, dawavfreq, /* wavetype. */ dfreqvelo, dvelofreq, /* wavetype && velotype. */ dwavevopt, dvoptwave, /* wavetype && velotype. */ dwavezopt, dzoptwave, /* wavetype && velotype. */ dwaveawav, dawavwave, /* wavetype. */ dwavevelo, dvelowave, /* wavetype && velotype. */ dawavvelo, dveloawav, /* wavetype && velotype. */ dvelobeta, dbetavelo; /* Constant, always available. */ /* Error handling */ /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ struct wcserr *err; /* Private */ /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ void *padding; /* (Dummy inserted for alignment purposes.) */ }; /* Size of the spxprm struct in int units, used by the Fortran wrappers. */ #define SPXLEN (sizeof(struct spxprm)/sizeof(int)) int specx(const char *type, double spec, double restfrq, double restwav, struct spxprm *specs); /* For use in declaring function prototypes, e.g. in spcprm. */ #define SPX_ARGS double param, int nspec, int instep, int outstep, \ const double inspec[], double outspec[], int stat[] int freqafrq(SPX_ARGS); int afrqfreq(SPX_ARGS); int freqener(SPX_ARGS); int enerfreq(SPX_ARGS); int freqwavn(SPX_ARGS); int wavnfreq(SPX_ARGS); int freqwave(SPX_ARGS); int wavefreq(SPX_ARGS); int freqawav(SPX_ARGS); int awavfreq(SPX_ARGS); int waveawav(SPX_ARGS); int awavwave(SPX_ARGS); int velobeta(SPX_ARGS); int betavelo(SPX_ARGS); int freqvelo(SPX_ARGS); int velofreq(SPX_ARGS); int freqvrad(SPX_ARGS); int vradfreq(SPX_ARGS); int wavevelo(SPX_ARGS); int velowave(SPX_ARGS); int awavvelo(SPX_ARGS); int veloawav(SPX_ARGS); int wavevopt(SPX_ARGS); int voptwave(SPX_ARGS); int wavezopt(SPX_ARGS); int zoptwave(SPX_ARGS); #ifdef __cplusplus } #endif #endif /* WCSLIB_SPEC */

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